WhiteMountainHistory.org                
Telling the story of 200 years  of White Mountain History

                             East Branch and Lincoln


    There are 7 maps and photo albums lower down on this page

East Branch and Lincoln Engine #5
      East Branch and Lincoln Engine #5 working in Lincoln          
   

          The East Branch and Lincoln Railroad 

                                          by Bill Gove
The East Branch & Lincoln Railroad, built by James E. Henry, was the largest logging railroad in New England, covering about 72 miles, sidings included. And the railroad lasted far longer than any other logging line in the region. Construction began in 1894 and continued sporadically over a number of years. The last train chugged out of the Lincoln woods in 1948, fifty-four years later .Lincoln village was the site of a large sawmill and later a pulp mill and a paper mill built by James E. Henry. Henry’s efforts created the large municipality of Lincoln, NH , arising from a wilderness home site in the 1890s.

 

A large array of locomotives ran on the East Branch and Lincoln Railroad, more than any other logging line in New England. J. E. Henry’s operation used about seven locomotives, all  ‘rod ‘engines with saddle-tanks. The Parker Young Co., a later owner, employed three Shays, one Climax and five “rod” locomotives, four of them left over from the Henry days. Logs were hauled on individual log trucks or disconnects, and link-and-pin couplers were used right to the very end.
 

The entire operation was purchased by the Parker Young Company in 1917 and then later by the Marcalus Manufacturing Co. in 1946. Even after the end of the poorly maintained railroad in 1948, the paper mill struggled to continue on in operation until 1980. The failure to meet EPA pollution standards at the mill, followed by the closure of the Boston & Maine Pemi Branch, doomed the paper mill.
 Click here for photos of the East Branch and Lincoln 
 Click here for photos of Lincoln


Suggested Reading:
  J.E.Henry's Logging Railroads by Bill Gove 

                         Bill Gove's Composite 
       
                    Logging Railroad Map  

         Click on the maps below for larger image
                                 
   East Branch and Lincoln track 
during the J.E. Henry era
   East Branch and Lincoln track during the Henry and Parker Young years
   Map showing areas logged by time period
   Floor plan of J.E. Henry's first sawmill in Lincoln, 1895-1899
   Plan of mills and track in 1902
   Plan of mills and track in 1930
Website Builder